The expression of the beta-defensins hBD-2 and hBD-3 is differentially regulated by NF-kappaB and MAPK/AP-1 pathways in an in vitro model of Candida esophagitis.

Authors:
Nadine Steubesand, Karlheinz Kiehne, Gabriele Brunke, Rene Pahl, Karina Reiss, Karl-Heinz Herzig, Sabine Schubert, Stefan Schreiber, Ulrich R Fölsch, Philip Rosenstiel, Alexander Arlt
Year of publication:
2009
Volume:
10
Issue:
-
Issn:
1471-2172
Journal title abbreviated:
BMC IMMUNOL
Journal title long:
BMC immunology
Impact factor:
2.485
Abstract: 
Our analysis of signal transduction events demonstrate a functional interaction of epithelial cells with PMNs in response to Candida infection involving divergent signalling events that differentially govern hBD-2 and hBD-3 expression.Supernatants of C. albicans or indirect coculture with C. albicans induces upregulation of hBD-2 and hBD-3 expression. PMNs strongly amplifies C. albicans-mediated induction of hBDs. By EMSA we demonstrate that C. albicans activates NF-kappaB and AP-1 in OE21 cells. Inhibition of these pathways revealed that hBD-2 expression is synergistically regulated by both NF-kappaB and AP-1. In contrast hBD-3 expression is independent of NF-kappaB and relies solely on an EGFR/MAPK/AP-1-dependent pathway.Candida albicans resides on epithelial surfaces as part of the physiological microflora. However, under certain conditions it may cause life-threatening infections like Candida sepsis. Human beta-defensins (hBDs) are critical components of host defense at mucosal surfaces and we have recently shown that hBD-2 and hBD-3 are upregulated in Candida esophagitis. We therefore studied the role of Candidate signalling pathways in order to understand the mechanisms involved in regulation of hBD-expression by C. albicans. We used the esophageal cell line OE21 and analysed the role of paracrine signals from polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) in an in vitro model of esophageal candidiasis.