Year of publication:
Journal title abbreviated:
CLIN PHARMACOL THER
Journal title long:
Clinical pharmacology and therapeutics : official publication of the American Therapeutic Society
Abstract:Budesonide treatment of chronic inflammatory bowel disease commonly leads to non-response or adverse reactions, possibly because of alterations in efflux transport mediated by the ABCB1 gene product P-glycoprotein or metabolism by CYP3A isoenzymes. Two groups, each consisting of nine healthy volunteers, one with the CYP3A5(*)1/(*)3 genotype (expressors) and the other with the CYP3A5(*)3/(*)3 genotype (non-expressors), were given a single oral dose of 9 mg budesonide. Plasma and urine concentrations of budesonide and its major metabolites were determined using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Subsequently, rectosigmoidal biopsies were taken for analysis of messenger RNA (mRNA) expression. Budesonide pharmacokinetics did not differ between genotype groups. However, intestinal CYP3A4 expression was shown to correlate directly with partial metabolic clearances of 16-hydroxy-prednisolone (r(2) = 0.30; P = 0.010) and 6-hydroxy-budesonide (r(2) = 0.25; P = 0.016), but inversely with budesonide AUC(0-24 h) (r(2) = 0.18; P = 0.040). Interestingly, a strong correlation was found between CYP3A5 and ABCB1 expression in CYP3A5 expressors (r(2) = 0.79; P = 0.001). This study suggests that intestinal CYP3A4 expression has an impact on budesonide pharmacokinetics. Moreover, CYP3A5 and ABCB1 expression appears to be coregulated.