Association between IL-18/18R gene polymorphisms and coronary artery disease: influence of IL-18/18R genetic variants on cytokine expression.

Authors

Vadim Mitrokhin, Alexey Nikitin, Olga Brovkina, Dmitry Khodyrev, Alexander Zotov, Nikita Vachrushev, Dmitry Dragunov, Andrey Shim, Mitko Mladenov, Andre Kamkin

Year of publication

2018

Journal

J Inflamm Res

Volume

11

Issue

-

ISSN

1178-7031

Impact factor

4.631

Abstract

Purpose

The present study investigated the influence of IL-18/18R genetic variants on cytokine expression in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD).

Materials and methods

The polymorphisms rs1946518, rs187238, rs326, rs1169288, and rs183130 were determined in patients with and without CAD. Circulating cytokine levels were measured immunologically.

Results

The rs1946518-GG genotype shows higher IL-18 concentration in the group with CAD, but still not significant. The TG genotype from rs1946518 in carriers with CAD showed a significant decrease in relation to the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6, IL-8, and IL-18. The decreases of IL-6 and IL-8 were also specific for rs187238 CAD carriers with the GC genotype. The CAD carriers with the AA genotype from rs326 in the IL-18R gene showed significant increase in IL-8 and IL-18 in comparison with those without CAD. Regarding rs1169288 from the IL-18R gene, IL-8 showed a T allele-dependent increase. In the last rs183130 polymorphism of the IL-18R gene, the pro-inflammatory onset showed a C allele-dependent disease-associated decrease in IL-8 CC and IL-6 CT carriers. In contrast, the CAD CT carriers in relation to IL-8 showed significant increase.

Conclusions

Most of the IL-18/18R single-nucleotide polymorphisms were mainly associated with pro-inflammatory cytokines. It is surmised that these associations between some pro-inflammatory cytokines (mainly IL-8) and some IL-18R genotypes in the subjects with CAD from this study are most likely based on inflammatory-induced upregulation of IL-18R expression.