Association between functional FABP2 promoter haplotype and type 2 diabetes.

Y Li, E Fisher, M Klapper, H Boeing, A Pfeiffer, J Hampe, S Schreiber, B Burwinkel, J Schrezenmeir, F Döring
Year of publication:
Journal title abbreviated:
Horm. Metab. Res.
Journal title long:
Hormone and metabolic research = Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones et metabolisme
Impact factor:
Fatty acid-binding protein 2 (FABP2) is a cytosolic protein expressed exclusively in epithelial cells of the small intestine. Some, albeit not conclusive, evidence indicates that the Thr-allele of FABP2 Ala54Thr polymorphism is associated with type 2 diabetes. More recently, common FABP2 promoter polymorphisms have shown association with postprandial increase of triglycerides, body composition and plasma lipid levels. Therefore, we reasoned that variants in the FABP2 promoter may also predispose to type 2 diabetes mellitus. In our Caucasian study population, we found three SNPs and three insertion-deletion polymorphisms that are in complete linkage disequilibrium defining promoter haplotype A and B within 1kb 5'' of the FABP2 initiation codon. Haplotype calculations indicated that the FABP2 promoter and Ala54Thr variants were strongly linked. Functional analysis of promoter fragments demonstrated that haplotype difference is caused by polymorphisms within 260 bp downstream of the FABP2 initiation codon. Using a prospective case-control study nested within the EPIC-Potsdam cohort of 192 incident type 2 diabetes cases and 384 sex-/age-matched controls, male subjects carrying the FABP2 haplotype B allele showed significantly decreased risk of type 2 diabetes when adjusted for BMI (OR = 0.50, 95 % CI = 0.28 - 0.87, p < 0.05) and additional covariates (OR = 0.42, 95 % CI 0.22 - 0.81, p < 0.01). Further adjustment for the Ala54Thr polymorphism revealed an OR of 0.18 (95 % CI 0.06 - 0.49, p < 0.001). Similarly, Ala/Ala homozygote males carrying the promoter haplotype B had decreased risk (0.33, 0.11 - 0.94, p < 0.05) of type 2 diabetes after stratification for the Ala54Thr polymorphism. FABP2 promoter haplotypes or genotype combinations defined by the promoter and Ala54Thr polymorphism were not associated with BMI, body fat, leptin, HbA (1c), total cholesterol or HDL. In conclusion, our findings suggest that the functional FABP2 promoter haplotype may contribute to type 2 diabetes in a sex-specific manner.