A bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library of sugar beet and a physical map of the region encompassing the bolting gene B.

U Hohmann, G Jacobs, A Telgmann, RM Gaafar, R M Gaafar, S Alam, C Jung
Year of publication:
Journal title abbreviated:
Mol. Genet. Genomics
Journal title long:
Molecular genetics and genomics : MGG
Impact factor:
In sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.), early bolting is caused by a single dominant gene, designated B. Twenty AFLP markers selected from a 7.8-cM segment of the B region on chromosome 2 were used to screen a YAC library, and a first-generation physical map including the B gene, made up of 11 YACs, was established. Because the genome coverage of the YAC library was low, a BAC library was constructed in the vector pBeloBAC11. This library consists of 57,600 clones with an average insert size of 116 kb, corresponding to 8.8 genome equivalents. Screening of the BAC library with chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA probes indicated that less than 0.1% of the clones contained organelle-derived DNA. To fill the gaps in the physical map around the B gene, the BAC library was screened with four AFLP markers and 10 YAC-derived probes. In total, 54 different BACs were identified. Overlaps between BACs were detected by using BAC termini amplified by PCR as probes, and by RFLP fingerprinting. In this way, a minimal tiling path of the central 4.6-cM region was constructed, which consists of 14 BACs. The B locus was localized to a 360-kb contig, a size which makes positional cloning of the gene feasible.