Disease-associated variants in PYPAF1 and NOD2 result in similar alterations of conserved sequence.

Authors:
Mario Albrecht, Thomas Lengauer, Stefan Schreiber
Year of publication:
2003
Volume:
19
Issue:
17
Issn:
1367-4803
Journal title abbreviated:
BIOINFORMATICS
Journal title long:
Bioinformatics
Impact factor:
5.481
Abstract:
Sequence variations in the gene products PYPAF1/CIAS1 and NOD2/CARD15 have been associated with several autoinflammatory diseases that, although clinically different, share a similar inflammatory pathophysiology. A multiple sequence alignment of homologous proteins demonstrates that some of the missense variants are located in highly conserved regions of the NTPase domain and possibly impair NTP-hydrolysis. Intriguingly, one of the variations, which is found identically in PYPAF1 and NOD2, is located at the same alignment position. Our findings suggest that evolutionary gene duplication can give rise to disease families because variants affect conserved sequence in a similar fashion.