High-resolution mapping of the bolting gene B of sugar beet.

A. El-Mezawy, F. Dreyer, G. Jacobs, C. Jung
Year of publication:
Journal title abbreviated:
Journal title long:
Theoretical and applied genetics
Impact factor:
Sugar beet ( Beta vulgaris L.) is a biennial species. Shoot elongation (bolting) starts after a period of low temperature. The dominant allele of locus B causes early bolting without cold treatment. This allele is abundant in wild beets whereas cultivated beets carry the recessive allele. Fifteen AFLP markers, tightly linked to the bolting locus, have been identified using bulked segregant analysis. The F(2)-population consisted of 2,134 individuals derived after selfing a single F(1)-plant ( Bb). In a first step, a linkage map was established with 249 markers based on 775 F(2)-individuals with a coverage of 822.3 cM. The loci are dispersed over nine linkage groups corresponding to the haploid chromosome number of Beta species. Seventeen marker loci were placed at a distance less than 3.2 cM around the bolting gene. In a second step, four of those markers most closely linked to B were mapped with the entire F(2)-population. Two of the markers were mapped flanking the B gene at distances of 0.14 and 0.23 cM. The other two markers were mapped at a distance of 0.5 cM from the gene. The tight linkage could be verified by testing 88 unrelated plants from a breeding program. The closely linked markers will enable breeders to select for the non-bolting character without laborious test crossings. Moreover, these markers are being used for map-based cloning of the bolting gene.