Year of publication:
Journal title abbreviated:
INT J COLORECTAL DIS
Journal title long:
International journal of colorectal disease
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a polygenic disorder, as demonstrated by epidemiological evidence, genetic linkage, and the identification of the first susceptibility gene, NOD2. Genetic linkage analysis has identified and replicated several genomic regions as locations for susceptibility genes, including chromosome 6p (termed IBD3). The HLA-DP genes play an important role in antigen presentation and are located within the chromosome 6p linkage region.We investigated HLA-DPA1 as a positional and functional candidate gene for IBD using 249 German multiplex IBD families, 174 unrelated German controls, 48 monoplex families from a mixed South African population, 87 IBD patients, and 71 controls from a South Korean sample. Polymorphisms in exon 2 at amino acid positions 31, 37-38 and 50 were genotyped using direct sequencing. Analyses were performed using chi(2) statistics, multipoint transmission disequilibrium test and nonparametric linkage analysis.A marginally significant association for Crohn''s disease was detected in the German family cohort for DPA1*02021. This finding was not replicated in ulcerative colitis or any of the other populations.HLA-DPA1 is not a major determinant of IBD risk in any of the three populations. The transmission distortion observed in the German cohort may indicate an extended haplotype, suggesting another disease relevant gene in the vicinity of HLA-DPA.