Year of publication:
Journal title abbreviated:
CELL DEATH DIFFER
Journal title long:
Cell death and differentiation : D & D : cdd
CD95 is a dual-function receptor that exerts pro- or antiapoptotic effects depending on the cellular context, the state of activation, the signal threshold and the mode of ligation. In this study, we report that CD95 engagement modulates TCR/CD3-driven signaling pathways in resting T lymphocytes in a dose-dependent manner. While high doses of immobilized CD95 agonists silence T cells, lower concentrations augment activation and proliferation. We analyzed the co-stimulatory capacity of CD95 in detail in resting human CD4(+) T cells, and demonstrate that low-dose ligand-induced co-internalization of CD95 and TCR/CD3 complexes enables non-apoptotic caspase activation, the prolonged activation of MAP kinases, the upregulation of antiapoptotic proteins associated with apoptosis resistance, and the activation of transcription factors and cell-cycle regulators for the induction of proliferation and cytokine production. We propose that the levels of CD95L on antigen-presenting cells (APCs), neighboring T cells or epithelial cells regulate inhibitory or co-stimulatory CD95 signaling, which in turn is crucial for fine-tuning of primary T-cell activation.