Year of publication:
Journal title abbreviated:
CURR OPIN GASTROEN
Journal title long:
Current opinion in gastroenterology : bi-monthly review of the world literature
Abstract:Genomic technologies offer new approaches to the investigation of etiology and pathophysiology of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Several areas of application for these new technologies are possible. One such application is the search for gene variations predisposing to the development of the disorder in multiply-affected families. Genome-wide linkage studies have defined replicated susceptibility regions for IBD on chromosomes 6, 12, and 16. These susceptibility regions are still very large and each contain several hundred positional candidate genes. Efforts are under way at several centers to define the underlying molecular variants using systematic linkage disequilibrium and candidate gene methods. The pharmacogenetic investigation of gene variations may predict response to certain medications to target these therapeutic interventions more precisely. The use of global gene expression technologies may allow the identification of new pathways or molecules in the inflammatory process. This seems to be especially relevant because currently only approximately 8,000 of the estimated 100,000 human genes are characterized. In summary, genomic methodologies will profoundly influence the progress of IBD research and may lead to novel insights into both etiology and pathophysiology of chronic intestinal inflammation.